General A. S. Johnston Mortuary Monument
General Albert Sidney Johnston commanded the Army of Mississippi at Shiloh. Born February 2, 1803 in Washington, Kentucky he was the youngest son of Dr. John and Abigail Johnston. He graduated from the U. S. Military Academy in 1826, ranking 8th of 41 cadets and was appointed a brevet 2nd lieutenant in the 2nd U. S. Infantry. Johnston would serve in the U. S Army before and after his tenure with the army of the Republic of Texas (1836-1840) before resigning his commission in March 1861 to join the Confederate States Army.
General Albert Sidney Johnston
General Johnston assumed command of the Western Military Department of the Confederate States in September 1861. After suffering defeats at Mill Springs, Ft. Henry, Ft. Donelson and Nashville in late 1861 and early 1862 Johnston withdrew his forces to the vital railroad junction at Corinth, Mississippi. In early April 1862 his reorganized and reinforced forces left Corinth and at dawn on April 6 made a surprise attack on the Union Army of the Tennessee camped at Pittsburg Landing. In the early afternoon while leading his forces he was shot in the right leg, presumably by his own men. The bullet severed an artery and Johnston soon bled to death. His remains were taken to New Orleans for burial. He was later disinterred and reburied in Austin Texas. Johnston is the highest ranking Confederate officer killed during the Civil War.
Brig. General W. H. L Wallace Monument as constructed
Brig. General Wallace Mortuary Monument today
William Harvey Lamme Wallace was born July 8, 1821 in Urbana, Ohio the son of John any Mary Lamme Wallace. As a young man he read law under Theophilus L. Dickey a friend of Abraham Lincoln and was admitted to the bar in 1846. He served in the Mexican War with the 1st Illinois Infantry. When the Civil War broke out Wallace volunteered as a private with the 11th Illinois Volunteer Infantry. The close friend of future General Thomas E. G. Ransom was elected Colonel of the 11th. Wallace fought gallantly with the 11th Illinois at Ft. Donelson which earned him a brigadier general's star. He assumed command of the 2nd Division, Army of the Tennessee after Major General Charles F. Smith was sidelined by a leg injury.
Brigadier General W. H. L. Wallace
Wallace's Division, which was engaged near the Hornet's Nest, withstood numerous Confederate assaults on April 6 before his division was surrounded and himself mortally wounded from a shot through the head. He remained on the field the night of April 6th before being removed to the Cherry Mansion at Savannah, Tennessee where his wife Anne Dickey Wallace cared for until his death on April 12, 1862. He is buried in Ottowa, Illinois.
Brig. General Adley H. Gladden Mortuary Monument (nps photo)
Brigadier General Adley Hogan Gladden, commander of the 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Corps, Army of the Mississippi at Shiloh, was born at Fairfield, South Carolina September 28, 1810. At age 20 Gladden moved to Columbia, South Carolina where he was a cotton broker. He commanded the Palmetto Regiment in the Mexican War. When Ft. Sumter fell Gladden was living in Louisiana.
Brig. General Adley H. Gladden
At the outset of the war Gladden commanded the 1st Louisiana in Florida. He was promoted to Brigadier General September 30, 1861. In January 1862 Gladden and his brigade were transferred to Mobile, Alabama and later Corinth, Mississippi where the Army of Mississippi was assembling prior to advancing toward Pittsburg Landing.
While assaulting Union forces on the north edge of Spain Field on the morning of April 6 the 51 year old Gladden was mortally wounded by either a cannon ball or a shell fragment that severely mangled his left arm. His arm was amputated, however gangrene set in and he died at Corinth, Mississippi on April 12. He is buried at the Magnolia Cemetery in Mobile, Alabama.
To be continued: